Egypt pyramids

Excursions au Caire - jour 2

The Pyramids of Egypt are built at a time when Egypt was part of one of the richest civilizations. Also the most powerful in the world. The great pyramids of Egypt are those of Giza in particular are among the most magnificent man-made structures in history. Their massive scale reflects the unique role that the pharaoh, or king, played in ancient Egyptian society. Although the pyramids have been built since the beginning of the Old Kingdom. Then until the end of the Ptolemaic period in the fourth century AD. However, the height of pyramid building began at the end of the Third Dynasty and continued until about the Sixth 2325 BC). More than 4,000 years later, the Egyptian pyramids still retain much of their majesty. This gives a glimpse of the rich and glorious past of the country.

The pharaoh in Egyptian society

During the Third and Fourth Dynasties of the Old Kingdom. Although Egypt has enjoyed considerable economic prosperity and stability. Kings held a unique position in Egyptian society. Somewhere between the human and the divine. It was believed that they are chosen by the gods themselves to serve as their mediators on earth. Because of this, it was in everyone's interest to keep the king's majesty intact even after his death. When he was supposed to become Osiris, the god of the dead. The new pharaoh, in turn, became Horus, the falcon god who served as protector of the sun god, Ra.

The smooth, angular sides of the pyramid symbolized the rays of the sun. Though designed to help the king's soul ascend to heaven and join the gods, especially the sun god Re.

The ancient Egyptians believed that when the king died. A part of his spirit (called “ka”) remained with his body. To take care of his mind. Although the corpse was mummified and everything the king would need in the afterlife was buried with it. Including golden vessels, food, furniture and other offerings. The pyramids of Egypt became the center of a cult of the dead king which was to continue long after his death. Their wealth was not only to provide him with food. But also to relatives, officials and priests who are buried near him.

She started out as a traditional mastaba. But developed into something much more ambitious. The story goes that the architect of the pyramid Imhotep a priest and healer. Who, some 1,400 years later, will be deified as the patron saint of scribes and physicians.

During Djoser's reign, which lasted almost 20 years. The builders of the pyramid assembled six layers of stepped stone (as opposed to mud brick. Like most previous tombs which eventually reached a height of 62 meters. It was the tallest building at t